The Madeira map is a convenient tool that helps you navigate the island. This map can be zoomed in and out by using the zoom in and zoom out controls. You can also view the map by clicking the map. The following paragraphs will help you learn more about Madeira. The following paragraphs will cover topics such as the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, the Porto Santo Island, and the Endangered species of birds.
Porto Santo Island
Porto Santo Island is located about 50 kilometers south of the main island of Madeira. It is a small, sandy island with minimal vegetation. It has a temperate climate and is a popular tourist destination. Its capital, Vila Baleira, contains a museum celebrating Christopher Columbus. In 1478, he landed on the island, where he married Felipa Moniz Perestrelo. The main attractions of this island are its sandy beaches, clear waters, and tranquility.
The island was first discovered in 1418 by two Portuguese ships searching for new territories west of Africa. Its well-protected bay prompted the Portuguese to name it Porto Santo. However, the island was constantly under attack by French and Barbary pirates. Columbus himself spent some time on the island, and his home is now a museum. The island has schools, a small hospital, churches, police, and a gym.
Tourism is the main industry in Porto Santo. The island has numerous hotels and beaches. It also has a golf course and is planning a second. Porto Santo Golfe was designed by Seve Ballesteros and was the site of the Madeira Islands Open in 2009. Once completed, it will be the largest course in Madeira. The island also has a number of tennis courts and equestrian facilities.
The Madeira and Porto Santo Islands are part of the Portuguese archipelago. It is located just off the western coast of Africa and is popular as a winter and spring destination. Both islands are known for their warm climates and long, sunny days. The average temperature in December is around 69 degrees Fahrenheit, while summer temperatures do not exceed 80 degrees.
Porto Santo is the northernmost inhabited island of Madeira, about 43 km north of Madeira Island. The island’s capital city, Funchal, is on the island. The island is surrounded by mountains, including Pico do Castelo, which rises 437 meters above sea level.
Madeira is a volcanic island located in the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two main inhabited islands and one uninhabited island group. The main island, Madeira Island, covers the largest area, covering 740.7 km. Funchal, the capital of Madeira, is located on the island’s southern coast.
Desertas, Selvagens, and Selvagens are uninhabited rocks located 156 miles (251 km) south of Madeira
156 miles (251 km) south of the island of Madeira lies a small archipelago known as the Desertas. The largest island is Deserta Grande, which is 25 km southeast of Madeira Island. The surrounding area is protected by a Portuguese nature reserve.
Madeira is a subtropical island in the Atlantic Ocean that is part of Portugal. The island is 55 km long and 22 km wide at its widest point. It has abundant forests, and the highest peak, Ruivo, rises 1,861 metres above sea level.
While visiting Madeira, make sure you leave time to visit the Selvagens. The uninhabited islands are a nature reserve, and only accessible by boat. The Selvagens are a great place for birdwatching and photography. They’re home to rare species of plants and birds.
If you’d like to know more about this area, you can visit the official website of the Madeira Natural Park. The website offers a wealth of information about the island, and is updated regularly. Madeira is a popular tourist destination. The climate is pleasant year-round, with temperatures ranging between 20 degC and 68°F. The island also boasts a system of stone-lined watercourses called levadas, which distribute water from the rainy north to the dry south. Madeira is often referred to as the Garden in the Atlantic.
Historically, Madeira has been a useful stopover for ships en route between Europe and America. Due to the island’s rich volcanic soil, climate and rainfall, it was used for agriculture, including wine and wheat. Slave labor was also used on the plantations. Today, Madeira is an autonomous region of Portugal.
Portugal’s Atlantic Ocean-facing islands are a picturesque backdrop for a family vacation. The islands have a long history of exploration, and Portuguese sailors have been returning from far afield for over 600 years. Portugal’s lighthouses have played an important role in the culture of the nation, and several are considered national monuments.
The island is a popular surfing destination. You can learn the art of surfing at the nearby town of Jardim do Mar, or spend the day canyoning at the canyons of the South Madeira Islands. The latter is ideal for novices and experienced canyoneers alike. Other popular activities include whale and dolphin watching and boat tours. Most tours offer guaranteed sightings, and some offer free second trips.
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve on Madeira has been created to protect the island’s unique ecosystem. Its biodiversity consists of over 1,600 taxa and has high levels of endemism. It contains a number of endemic vascular and non-vascular species, including 15 that are unique to the island. The reserve is also home to 26 species that are endemic to Madeira and Macaronesia.
Santana, on the northern side of the island, was designated a Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO in June 2011. The designation recognizes the island’s rich ecosystem, which includes a marine component. It also contains an impressive range of natural values. In addition, Porto Santo Island will join the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve network in 2020, which will include 27 310 hectares of protected areas.
The island’s terrain is relatively steep, with the majority of the coast consisting of sea cliffs that were created by oceanic abrasion. In the center of the island is a mountain massif, containing basaltic dykes and veins. There is also a large plateau in the eastern part of the island. The average elevation of the island is 1550 meters.
Madeira’s interior is a rich habitat for a variety of species. Many species of birds, including the Iberian eagle, live in the region. The region also contains a variety of species, including the rare Iberian imperial eagle.
The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve is organized into three main zones: core zones, buffer zones, and transition zones. The core zone contains Sites of Community Interest (SCI) and Natura 2000 areas. The buffer zones correspond to ruled usage zones and are governed by various planning instruments. In addition, transition zones consist of rural and urban plots and are governed by activities management plans.
The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve on Madeira is located in Portugal. It is a great place to visit for nature lovers. This natural reserve is part of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme, which reconciles conservation of natural and cultural diversity with sustainable economic development.
Endangered species of birds in Madeira
The island of Madeira is renowned as the “island of eternal spring” because it experiences a temperate climate year-round, making it a haven for numerous creatures. The climate allows for some species to breed throughout the year, and many plants are in bloom at specific times of the year, providing food for herbivores and other animals. The island is also home to three species of endemic birds.
This species is now classified as endangered, with a population of only 65 to 80 pairs breeding in the island. Although this population is decreasing, ongoing surveys are revealing possible new breeding sites. It is important to note that the island has experienced a massive forest fire in August 2010, which killed many breeding adults and 65% of their chicks.
The island has two endemic species of petrels: the Zino’s petrel and Fea’s petrel. The former breed only on the island, but the latter only nest in the high central mountain massif. Both birds can be seen in the island’s seas, although they are often difficult to distinguish.
The Trocaz pigeon, also known as the Madeira laurel pigeon, is another species that is listed as vulnerable. This bird lives in laurisilva forests and is mainly dark grey in color. It has a red beak and toes, and a white tail band. The Trocaz has an unmistakable hrooh, and has been able to increase its population to 10,000 birds in 160 square kilometers after hunting was banned.
Madeira has several endemic species of birds, but there are also a number of species that are endangered. The only native land reptile is the Madeiran Wall Lizard, but there are also two species of sea reptiles: the Atlantic Flying Fish and the Hammerhead Shark. These species are considered to be vulnerable because of their habitats. So, it’s essential to take care of them.
Another group of small to medium-sized passerine birds is the woodpecker. These birds are gregarious and have a strong flight. Their diets are mainly comprised of insects and fruit. While many woodpeckers live in open land, others are found in habitats near water.