The famous Madeira Wine

The total area of the island of Madeira is 732 km2 , and the extent of Viticultural Area is approximately 400 acres . It is a unique landscape characterized by rugged terrain relief . The particular conditions of the soil of volcanic origin , mostly basaltic , and proximity to the sea, associated climatic conditions , where the summers are hot and humid and winters mild , give the wine unique and singular .
The agricultural land is characterized by very steep slopes , which are generally in the form of terraces , called poles .
Irrigation water in Madeira is captured in the mountainous areas of the island is conducted through channels called ” taken ” that comprise an impressive system 2150Km channels .

Madeira Wine

Madeira Wine picture

The conduction system is the more traditional ” trellis ” ( pergola ), in which the vines are driven horizontally. The twentieth century brought the introduction of the conduction system in trellis , which , however , can only be used on slopes less pronounced .
From mid- August to mid-October , the harvest takes place in a majestic ritual , during which there is an incredible concentration of efforts , since the rugged terrain and the system of small farms , complicates the whole process of harvest , which is still totally manual.

History of Madeira Wine
The island of Madeira was discovered in 1419 and it was immediately tamed land and occupied soils with wheat crop , vineyard and sugarcane . The history of Madeira wine starts here and will follow over the centuries the development of the island itself . Historical records show that 25 years after the beginning of the colonization of Madeira wine exports were already a reality !
More than five centuries of existence , let tell a story of internationalization that passes by the most diversified export routes , depending on the international conjunctures in which a pair of exports to Europe , the highlight is the routes to the Indies and the Americas between the sixteenth and eighteenth secs , in the latter case remain to this day . The fame and prestige of this wine can still be attested by numerous episodes , including the celebration of the independence of the United States in 1776 , which was celebrated with a toast of Madeira wine !
Over the centuries the production processes are changing and improving . In the eighteenth century is introduced aging method known as steaming, which will definitely characterize Madeira wine to the present day .
Many were the personalities , statesmen and mythical characters that are left dazzled by this wine , of which examples are emblematic , George Washington and Thomas Jefferson , who were connoisseurs of Madeira wine or Winston Churchill during his visits to the island had the opportunity to know and appreciate . But are also known references to the Madeira Wine in literary works such as those of Sheakpeare .
Madeira Wine is born to the world and its history is marked by its passage in various parts of the globe , where it continues to be admired and recognized .

Currently the grape varieties most commonly used in the production of Madeira wine are Sercial , Verdelho , Boal , Malvasia and Tinta Negra . However , there are other castes .
Tinta Negra
The introduction of Madeira Tinta Negra century date . XVIII . It is a very versatile and powerful caste of medium to small berries , with very thin film and soft that easily adapted to existing conditions on the island , since its introduction . Their culture is mainly located in the south of the island , Funchal and Câmara de Lobos and north , in São Vicente . The Black Ink produces wines Dry , Medium Dry , Medium Sweet and Sweet. Vinho Madeira.”>Represents between 80-85 % of the total production of > Madeira Wine .


Caste Sercial , also known as Distemper Dog, due to its remarkable astringency and high acidity , also grows in other parts of the Portuguese mainland .
It is a grape downy mildew and powdery mildew -resistant , characterized by clusters of small cone -shaped berries and compact, highly acidic, a greenish yellow color . Differs from other varieties by its high acidity and astringency . This variety is grown mainly in the north of the island and Câmara de Lobos at altitudes that can reach 600 meters in the south coast and 200 meters in the North. Produces wines in dry style .


It is likely that in Madeira Verdelho is derived from the Portuguese mainland , the Azores or Italy . Characterized by small and medium bunches , berries oblong and laterally compressed , with resistant film . Produces slightly more full-bodied wines and less acidic than those from Sercial grapes . It’s grown to about 400 feet high and produces wines of type Medium Dry .


Originally from the Portuguese mainland caste Boal has large bunches and has a resistant film . It is grown at a latitude of between 100 and 300 meters away. Produces type wines Medium Sweet , medium -bodied and rich , which are highly appreciated for its balance acidity / sweetness and its characteristic aroma acquired during the aging in casks .


The Malvasia was the first to be planted on the island of Madeira and is originally from Crete. Characterized by large clusters and conical berries with large and oblong . Generally lies between 150 and 200 meters. The Malvasia Candida has always been treated with great care and caution, making their wines very appreciated and coveted . Some wines reach astronomical prices at auctions.
The Malvasia produced by Jesuit priests in the eighteenth century is considered the king of all wines producing Madeira Wine . Like Candida Malvasia Malvasia – de- São – Jorge produces wines in sweet style , being among the woods , those with greater wealth and greasiness .


Aging processes used for the Madeira Wine are ‘ Stuffing ‘ or ‘ Construction ‘.


« Stuffing »
The wine is placed in greenhouses stainless steel, heated by a coil system through which circulates hot water for a period not less than 3 months at a temperature between 45 and 50 degrees Celsius. After the ” stuffing “, the wine is subjected to a period of ” stage ” of at least 90 days at room temperature. From this moment can remain in stainless steel , or be placed in wooden casks until the conditions to enable the winemaker to make the finish of the wine , so it can be placed in the bottle , with the required quality guarantee . However , these wines can never be bottled and marketed before 31 October of the second year following the harvest. These wines are mostly batch .


« Construction »
The wines selected for internship in ” Construction ” ( this name comes from the fact that they put the pipes in brackets wooden beams , called beds ) are aged in casks , usually on the higher floors of the warehouses where temperatures are higher , for at least two years . It is an oxidative aging in cask developing wines , unique characteristics of intense and complex aromas . The wines of construction may only be sold after a minimum of three years , starting from 1 January of the year following the harvest .


Madeira Wine is one of the most awarded wines in the world to date Madeira wine has won more than 5,000 medals in major international wine competitions such as the International Wine Challenge , Decanter World Wine Awards, International Wine & Spirit Competition , among other competitions .

Madeira Wine


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One Comment

  1. John Stewart


    Saw jammie oliver wood wine pour in a steak and he said it is a mixture fantastic, which acquire?

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